A fascinating stone that is strongly associated with Poland all over the world - it is fossilized resin of coniferous trees from 40 million years ago.
Baltic amber (succinite) is a fascinating stone that is strongly associated with Poland all over the world - it is a fossilized resin of coniferous trees from 40 million years ago. It is unique because it is still "alive" - it changes its color over time as a result of weathering processes. Let's not surprised when our ambers darken over time, taking on clarity and depth, because amber with antique color is considered the most valuable.
Amber was created as a result of the escape of coniferous resin (from Latin Pinus succinifera) from their wounds and cracks, forming stalactite or droplets. The trees also resinized to the inside of the trunk, or created subcortical forms. The largest Baltic amber found weighs almost 10 kg, and the question arises: why did the trees give off so much resin? The most probable reason for such strong resinization was increased volcanism in Eocene. The trees defended themselves, shielding their wounds with resin and blocking access to volcanic ash, viruses and parasitic fungi.
Baltic amber belongs to the mineralogical group of succinite, because it contains from 3 to 8% succinic acid (most in the so-called bark - i.e. the weathered layer). In chemical terms, it consists mainly of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. It is a delicate and soft stone, with a waxy greasy gloss and a shell fracture. Baltic Gold presents the entire color palette - from dark "dappled" nuggets with organic matter, through cognac and lemon to honey, milk and even completely white.
It has always been considered a magic stone, friendly to man and was used by him not only for decorative and utility purposes, but also for healing. To this day, there is a perception that amber cures many diseases, mainly thyroid and respiratory tract diseases, as well as stabilizes and rebuilds natural electrostatic field disrupted by the work of ubiquitous computers and cells.
Baltic amber was and is a highly valued and desirable decorative stone. An impressive boom survived during the Roman Empire, when Roman merchants roamed Europe in search of sources of raw material, and the southern civilizations with the barbaric north connected the famous Amber Route. For centuries, highly valued and appreciated primarily at the courts of magnates, testified to their wealth and power. Their huge demand for amber products contributed to the flourishing of amber crafts in the 16th and 18th centuries, with the largest centers in Gdańsk and Königsberg. The lost Amber Chamber also comes from that period - the most famous piece of amber art of all time, awakening the imagination of treasure hunters since the end of World War II.
Today, these old traditions are continued in a great, though more contemporary style. There are several hundred amber factories and workshops located in Gdańsk and the Pomeranian region, which supply shops and galleries with amber products all over the world. Many studios also operate in other parts of Poland, effectively contributing to building the "amber" image of our homeland.
Caring for the purity of amber trade and honesty of merchant practices, the Amber Laboratory was established in the Museum, where resin authenticity tests are performed on a modern spectrometer (FTIR). With the amber sellers and individual customers in mind, we offer the opportunity to check the authenticity of Baltic gold.
Our experts will dispel the doubts of both those who buy amber and those who sell it.
Visiting the "Amber - its beauty and history" exhibition is possible both individually and in organized groups (min. 5 people). However, please arrange the groups in advance so that we can be even better prepared for your visit and agree on all the details.